"In the common understanding, the free speech principle is taken to forbid government from "censoring" speech of which it disapproves. In the standard cases, the government attempts to impose penalties, whether civil or criminal, on political dissent, libelous speech, commercial advertising, or sexually explicit speech. The question is whether the government has a legitimate and sufficiently weighty reason for restricting the speech that it seeks to control."
Πέγκυ Κλιάφα 'CHANGE'
(η φωτογραφία, δυστυχώς, δεν είναι ικανή να δείξει τις εναλλαγές φωτός, του έργου)
"This is indeed what most of the law of free speech is about. In Germany, France, the United States, Mexico, and many other nations, constitutional debates focus on the limits of censorship. But in free countries, an important part of free speech law takes a different form. In the United States, for example, the Supreme Court has ruled that streets and parks must be kept open to the public for expressive authority
. In the leading case, from the early part of the twentieeth century, the Court stated, "Wherever the title of streets and parks may rest, they have immemorially been held in trust for the use of the public and time out of mind, have been used for the purposes of assembly, communicating thought between citizens, and discussing public questions. Such use of the streets and public places has, from ancient times, been a part of the privileges, immunities, rights, and liberties of citizens."
Γιώργος Μαραζιώτης 'Kairi No. B2/No. B3'
"It follows that governments are obliged to allow speech to occur freely on public streets and in public parks - even if many citizens would prefer to have peace and quiet, and even if it seems irritating to come across protesters and dissidents when you are simply walking home or going to the local grocery store. If you see protesters on a local street and wonder why they are allowed to be there (and perhaps to bother you), the answer is that the Constitution gives them a right to do so."
Ανδρέας Σάββα 'Knitting History'
"A distinctive feature of the public forum doctrine is that it creates a right of speakers' access, both to places and people
. Another distinctive feature is that the public forum doctrine creates a right, not to avoid governmentally imposed penalties
on speech, but to ensure government subsidies
of speech. There is no question that taxpayers are required to support the expressive activity that, under the public forum doctrine, must be permitted on the streets and parks. Indeed, the costs that taxpayers devote to maintaining open streets and parks, from cleaning to maintenance, can be quite high. Thus the public forum represents one area of law in which the right to free speech demands a public subsidy to speakers."
Χρήστος Τόλης, Παναγιώτης Βελιανίτης, 'Power-Time-Reanimation'
Τα αποσπάσματα είναι από το ολοκαίνουριο βιβλίο:
Cass R. Sunstein
, "#republic. Divided Democracy in the age of Social Media", Princeton University Press, 2017, ## 34-35.
Τα έργα στις φωτογραφίες είναι από:
Στοά Καΐρη, Εικαστική Ομαδική Έκθεση, 2-30 Ιουνίου. Χθες ήταν τα εγκαίνια