Κυριακή 24 Σεπτεμβρίου 2017

7ο Νομικό Συνέδριο ΕΑΝΔΑ

7ο Νομικό Συνέδριο ΕΑΝΔΑ

"Σύγχρονα θέματα Μεταναστευτικού Δικαίου:
Μετανάστευση - Ιθαγένεια - Προσφυγικό"

Είναι μεγάλη μου η χαρά που θα προεδρεύσω σε ένα πάνελ του συνεδρίου:

Δευτέρα 11 Σεπτεμβρίου 2017

Wittgenstein... and the law... and the language...

"To adopt a concept from Wittgenstein's later philosophy, we can regard law as a category of phenomena that display no more than a 'family resemblance' to one another. As he explains, 'we see a complicated network of similarities overlapping and criss-crossing: sometimes overall similarities, somtimes similarities of detail' ... But there need be no signle identifying or defining feature; it may be impossible to build a single model in order to explain what law is. If we think that 'law' must have a precise definition or we misunderstand the complexity of the phenomena that the category encompasses, we make mistakes about what it is and assume that it works in a certain way; we may ask the wrong questions - about origins, institutions, or functions; or we may deny that social phenomena are law in a way that does not make sense. If we are to be true to our own concept, and to the language rules that govern its application, we must recognize and explore this diversity.

"There are, nevertheless, right and wrong ways to apply any particular term and to analyse it. The rules and definitions for the use of a concept do not need to be very precise ...; if a category, such as law, is abstract, then the rules are complex, and metaphorical useage may increase this complexity, but they must be explored if we are to understand and analyse its nature. How, then, is this exploration to be done? We are after more than a discussion of how the term 'law' is used in everyday language. Rodney Needham (1975) adopted the term 'polythetic classification' to capture Wittgenstein's notion of family resemblance and to discuss the challenges it presents for the anthropologist. 'It is the recognition ... of a class composed by sporadic resemblances', he says, that is needed for the study of jural institutions, as much as for the study of human capacities ... . Comparison provides a particular challenge. What is needed 'is not a convenient technique for cutting down the number of variables, but a means of accomodating as many as possible' ... . The possibility of borderline cases is always present."

Τα αποσπάσματα είναι από το βιβλίο της F. Pirie, pp. 8-9.

Στην πρώτη φωτογραφία, δύο από τα ωραιότερα βιβλία που έχω διαβάσει και που εμπνέονται από τη ζωή του Wittgenstein - το πρώτο είναι μια εξαιρετική βιογραφία.

Τετάρτη 6 Σεπτεμβρίου 2017

Conflict of rules

Από το άρθρο του J. Hage, "Logical Tools for Legal Pluralism", inLaw and the New Logics (Edited by H. Patrick Glenn and Lionel D. Smith), Cambridge University Press, 2017, p. 89, 106-107.

"The development of the internet, the rise of transnational law, the coexistence of different legal traditions and subtraditions, and globalization, all increase opportunities for conflicts between rules of different legal systems. One of the tasks of legal science is to deal with these possible conflicts and, as Glenn pointed out, the insights of modern logic are one place to look for assistance. Logic neither can nor should dictate a particular way of dealing with rule conflicts, but it can be of help by providing a conceptual framework that clearly defines when a rule conflict occurs and which tools are available to avoid these conflicts or to deal with them."

"A conflict of rule occurs when it is possible that two or more rules attach incompatible legal consequences to a case. Within a single legal system, the possibility of rule conflicts is limited by adding scope conditions to the ordinary rule conditions. Mechanisms such as PIL extend this role of scope conditions to the relation between rules from different systems. Another limitation of the possibility for rule conflicts consists in the limitation of the powers of rule creating agents. Often it is impossible to create rules that conflict with already existing rules."

"If a conflict occurs between rules of different legal systems, there is logically speaking no need to deal with the conflict. It is logically well possible that an agent ought to do X from the point of view of one legal system, and ought to refrain from doing X from the point of view of another legal system. However, an agent who is subject to incompatible prescriptions from different legal systems is burdened with a dilemma. Legal system often come to the assistance of such individuals by referring to the rules of other systems, or by incorporating 'foreign' law."

Κυριακή 3 Σεπτεμβρίου 2017

Private Art Collections, March 2017, Rome - you can listen to the interventions

Μπορείτε εδώ να ακούσετε όλες τις εισηγήσεις του συνεδρίου για τις ιδιωτικές συλλογές έργων τέχνης, στη Ρώμη, τον περασμένο Μάρτιο (2017), στο οποίο συνέδριο συμμετείχα και εγώ. Παρά τους τίτλους στα γαλλικά, οι περισσότερες εισηγήσεις - και η δική μου - ήταν στα αγγλικά. Στο άμεσο μέλλον θα δημοσιευθούν και σε τόμο.