Σάββατο 12 Μαρτίου 2016

Slave Trade and International Law

Όμορφες εικόνες της φύσης, λες και θα απαλύνουν την αγριότητα του θέματος: του εμπορίου σκλάβων και του "ρόλου" του διεθνούς δικαίου στην όλη αυτή ιστορία.

Μόνο λίγα λόγια, ελάχιστα αποσπάσματα από ένα ενδιαφέρον βιβλίο, σαν "τροφή για σκέψη".

J.S. Martinez, "The Slave Trade and the Origins of International Human Rights Law", Oxford University Press, 2012.

"Slavery has existed since ancient times, and for centuries it was considered morally and legally acceptable for some human beings to own other human beings. Slavery took a particularly pernicious form in the Atlantic world between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries. Millions of inhabitants of western Africa were carried across the Atlantic to plantations in North and South America. International law was surprisingly central to this enterprise. At the beginning of this period, international law was used to justify the slave trade; by the end, international law was used to suppress it." (p. 16)

"The road from the ius gentium and ius naturale of ancient and medieval times through the laws of nations and natural rights of the Enlightenment to the international human rights law of the twentieth century crosses the path of slavery and the slave trade at numerous points in the nineteenth century, and these intersections are important for understanding the jurisprudential origins of international human rights law. Among other things, the history of the legal treatment of slavery sheds light on long-standing tensions between ideas of natural law and legal positivism (the idea that all laws must be traced to the formal acts of a sovereign), and between concepts of law that treat the nation-state as the primary (or even sole) source of law and concepts that include sources of law that potentially transcend individual nation-states." (pp.160-161)

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