Τρίτη, 15 Νοεμβρίου 2016

Legal Fictions

Καινούριο, εξαιρετικό, απόκτημα - δώρο από τον εκδοτικό οίκο, για μια αξιολόγηση που τους έκανα υποψήφιου προς έκδοση άλλου βιβλίου.

Maksymilian Del Mar/William Twining (Eds), Legal Fictions in Theory and Practice, Springer 2015.

Από το εισαγωγικό άρθρο,

Maksymilian Del Mar, Introducing Fictions: Examples, Functions, Definitions and Evaluations, p. ix-xxix:

"Faced with the obstinacy of reality, litigants and judges have sometimes, if not often, sought refuge in legal fictions. The motivation for seeking refuge has been multifarious, e.g. from the perspective of a litigant, seeking a remedy despite not meeting the requirements of the relevant form of action or rule, or minimising costs by attempting to bring his or her claim via a cheaper, more convenient route -or, from the perspective of the judge, introducing a tentative change in the law without dismantling pre-existing rules and principles, or trying to do justice to a claimant who, for want of better (or any) evidence, simply could not prove certain operative facts." (p. ix)

"The epistemological and ontological context referred to above requires some unpacking. Any reader pursuing the topic will quickly discern that there is an oscillation in the literature between those who think legal fictions are an illusory category because there is no sense in which law makes claims on what is real (instead, it simply regulates conduct), and those who see legal fictions everywhere, claiming that law is awash with artificial mental constructions that contradict reality (treating corporations as if they were persons, kings as if they had two bodies, and other such marvels). Clearly, whether one sees fictions everywhere or nowhere is going to depend on certain intuitions (or, naturally, well worked out theories) of what we know (and how we can know it) and what exists." (p. ix-x)

(οι φωτογραφίες είναι σημερινές. από ένα δεντράκι χάλια, σε ένα δρόμο στο Παγκράτι - αν κοιτάμε προσεκτικά, μπορούμε να δούμε ομορφιά παντού...)

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