Πέμπτη, 23 Φεβρουαρίου 2017

"The human body is a project"

Από το πολύ ενδιαφέρον βιβλίο του Terry Eagleton, "Materialism", Yale University Press, 2016:

"LUDWIG WITTGENSTEIN REMARKS in his Philosophical Investigations that if you want an image of the soul, you should take a look at the human body. He means, one takes it, the body in action rather than the body as object. Practice constitutes the body rather in the sense that, for Wittgenstein, the meaning of a sign is its use. The human body is a project, a medium of signification, a point from which a world is organised. It is a mode of agency, a form of communion and interaction with others, a way of being with them rather than simply alongside them". (p. 36)

"The body lies at the source of the various ways we are bound up with one other, which is why the word can be used to denote a collective phenomenon ('a body of ferocious Corsican pirates') as well as an individual one. It is what gives us a field of activity, a field which is in no sense external to it. In On Certainty, Wittgenstein professed himself puzzled by the phrase 'the external world'. 'External to what?' is perhaps what he had in mind. Certainly not to ourselves. Because we are incarnate creatures, we are as much in the world as are our sewage systems. The world is not an object set over against us, to be contemplated from some elusive location within our skulls." (p. 37)

"Our consciousness, to use a term of which Wittgenstein is properly sceptical, is inscribed on our bodies rather in the way that the meaning is present in a word. We are not present in our bodies in the way that a soldier squats in a tank. In this sense, the body itself is a kind of sign. As Jean-Luc Nancy remarks, it is 'a sign of itself', rather than of some reality distinct from it." (p. 40)

                        Τις φωτογραφίες είχα βγάλει στη Στοά του Αττάλου, τον Ιούνιο 2016

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